The fauna is varied, highlighting bear anteater, the jaguar, giant Otter, Fox and howler monkeys; among birds, the Harpy Eagle, Falcon palomero, dwarf macaw and the Hummingbird. Park have found traces of a significant pre-Hispanic indigenous village; Today, they live in this territory communities of the Pemon indigenous with subgroups of kamaracotos, taurepan, arekuna. Its territory was recognized in the 18th century by the Catalan Capuchin missionaries. Plant areas are represented by tropical moist forests. Depending on the degree of humidity forest can be premontane, montane and fluvial montano.
The number of plant species that exist in the area is very high, especially rare species of orchids and bromeliads. Five species of mammals are endangered: the bear palmero, the giant armadillo, the Amazonian giant Otter, jaguar and ocelot; and among other species are: agouti, PACA, Fox and various species of monkeys may be noted as Wikipedia reminds us, in 1994 Canaima National Park was named world heritage by UNESCO, for being a natural reserve which has special and unique in the world, the Tepuis, abrupt reliefs which are species of plateaus of millions of years oldwith vertical walls and almost flat tops. Best-known tepuys are mount Roraima, the high and easy to scale the entire Park, and the Auyan-tepui, the most visited, because this is the cataract or waterfall high in the world, the Angel Falls. It is said that the Tepuis are sandstone rocks and dating from the period in which America and Africa formed a supercontinent. This type of relief is known commonly as Guayana. The Park is home to the indigenous Pemon.
They have a relationship with the Tepuis, and believe that they are the home of the intimate Mawari. The Park is in a distant civilization site. It has few roads which connect to other nearby cities, such as Ciudad Guayana. The most common transport to traverse it is through canoes.